• Provided guidelines for the aerodynamic design and optimisation of installed compact nacelles
  • Assessed the effect of airframe installation on nacelle aerodynamics under cruise and off-design windmilling conditions
  • Provided CFD methods validation for shock- and diffusion-driven boundary-layer separation under windmilling conditions at end-of-runway take-off and at diversion from cruise
  • Determined the limits of current steady and unsteady CFD methods typically used within an industrial context
Photograph of the custom 2D rig to investigate windmilling diversion installed in the transonic wind tunnel at the University of Cambridge
Schlieren visualisation showing the onset of flow separation as effective engine mass flow is reduced under windmilling diversion conditions.